Polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS, affects millions of women every year and is caused by an imbalance of a woman’s reproductive hormones. This imbalance can create issues with the ovaries which normally creates and releases an egg each month. With PCOS, the egg may not mature fully or release when it should. This can result in the ovaries developing cysts.
What are the causes of PCOS?
Fertility specialists are not certain of the exact causes of PCOS, although raised levels of male hormones in a female body may play a role in preventing the ovaries from functioning normally.
There are some risk factors that may include but not limited to:
Insulin resistance: Insulin is the hormone produced by the pancreas to convert sugar from food into energy. If the body is unable to use insulin effectively, demand for the hormone increases, and more is produced by the pancreas to compensate. This excess insulin triggers the production of more male hormones.
Genetics: Studies have shown that polycystic ovary syndrome runs in families, and women who have a mother or sister with PCOS or type 2 diabetes are more likely to develop PCOS than those with no family history.
Being overweight or obese: Being overweight may be associated with PCOS but it is not certain whether being overweight causes the syndrome or whether having PCOS causes a woman to become overweight. In addition, many women who may think they have PCOS are not overweight, and many overweight women do not have PCOS.
Inflammation: Women with PCOS frequently have raised levels of inflammation in their bodies and being overweight may also contribute to inflammation. There are studies that link excess inflammation to increased androgen levels.
Now let’s look at the symptoms of PCOS. To see if you may have PCOS, check for the following symptoms:
Changes in your menstrual cycle may indicate you are dealing with Polycystic ovary syndrome. Your ovaries may produce an abnormal number of androgens, male sex hormones, that are present in women. This increase in male hormones may disrupt or even stop your menstrual cycle.
If you exercise and eat a good diet, but you still can’t stop your weight from going up, PCOS may be the issue. Hormonal changes with PCOS can encourage your body to hold onto weight.
If you have been seeing more and more hair on your brush, PCOS may be to blame. Your hair follicles may have too many androgens and you may begin to lose hair. Heightened male hormone levels can cause your hair to fall out.
PCOS raises the number of male hormones in a woman’s body and when this is combined with a women’s natural hormonal levels, it can cause hair to grow. PCOS sufferers may find hair growing between their thighs, on their chest, around their nipples or over their stomach.
While many women go through bouts of acne as teenagers, PCOS can lead to acne in adulthood. Hormonal changes due to PCOS can encourage oil production in sebaceous glands on the face, chest and back.
One of the less understood symptoms of PCOS is skin growths which can take two forms such as skin tags or dark skin patches. Skin tags are small, skin-colored tags that can appear on different areas of your body. They tend to cluster under the arms and around the neck. With dark skin patches, these growths may appear under your arms or on your thighs.
If you have tried for over 12 months to conceive and had no success, PCOS may be to blame because of the hormonal imbalance, eggs may not mature fully or emerge when they should from the ovaries.
If you recognize any of these signs, or symptoms contact Tripod Fertility at firstname.lastname@example.org or call 9052013420. We use the latest technology to diagnose PCOS or other hormonal issues and can create a fertility treatment plan to help you deal with your symptoms.
To learn more, contact us today!