What is the difference between Intrauterine Insemination and In Vitro Fertilization Treatment?

Assisted reproduction can mean a lot of things and there are many different treatments that can be done for both women and men to help with any fertility struggles that may emerge. For those of us without a medical background, it is overwhelming to start exploring fertility options! You probably hadn’t given these types of treatments and technology much thought, until you realized you might need some assistance with your own fertility.

Once you start researching the world or fertility treatments, there are two popular methods that will keep coming up and they may be confusing to differentiate: in-vitro fertilization treatment (IVF) and intrauterine insemination (IUI).

Both of these treatment options involve a process to bypass certain fertility issues to aid with conception. IVF treatment is well-known and is a popular choice to aid in fertility. While IUI is a lower-tech option with a lot of success. Which one will help me bring a beautiful baby into the world?

The first step in your fertility journey is a fertility assessment. A series of diagnostic tests, scans, and physical exams will be performed to understand your issues, and determine any problem areas. This helps the Tripod Fertility team with selecting which treatments is best for you.

In Vitro Fertilization Treatment

IVF is a process that stimulate a woman’s ovaries, collect eggs (oocytes), fertilize them in a lab with a sperm sample, and transfers the resulting embryo(s) back into the uterus, with the hope of achieving pregnancy.

Intrauterine Insemination

IUI is a treatment where the sperm is not used in the laboratory, but instead inserted into the uterus during the time of ovulation. This gives the sperm a shorter travel time to its destination and can done with either your partner’s sperm or donor sperm, making it a good option for same sex couples.  This is a great option for couples where the male partner has a relatively low sperm count or other types of sexual dysfunction.

Choosing IUI can raise the chances of the sperm meeting the waiting egg to fertilize and produce an embryo. A key part of IUI is identifying the perfect time of ovulation for the sperm to be inserted. This is done with careful planning and testing.

If IUI does not prove successful, IVF is the next best step in continuing your fertility journey.  Both procedures are relatively painless and are considered minor surgery, so you won’t have to worry about recovery time.

Your Tripod Fertility team will walk you through the different treatment options and explain what is most suitable treatment option. This blog is an overview of the two most popular fertility treatments; you should discuss all options with a fertility specialist who will use your test results and medical history to create a plan for conception.

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